Friday, February 13, 2009

Ancestor Cards for Children

Ancestor Cards for Children was a post I found on the Olive Tree Genealogy Blog that I thought was a really great idea. Here is the blog comments:

Recently I've been mulling over how to present the genealogy I've done on our family so that it would grab my 9 year old grandson's attention. My good friend Illya of Genealogy Today suggested I use a baseball or hockey card format with one ancestor per card.

I loved the idea and created cards 6 cm x 9 cm. Each card features one ancestor's picture or a picture representing that ancestor. The back of each card has ancestor stats - their relationship to my grandchildren, date and place of birth, date and place of death, spouse's name, parents' names and a tiny blurb about that person (hopefully something unique or of interest to an 9 year old!)

After laminating the cards, I presented them to my grandson and granddaughter (who is 7) when they came for their annual summer week long holiday with us. They loved them and not only read every bit of information about each ancestor, they began figuring out who was the oldest ancestor.... who died at the oldest age... who died at the youngest age... which parents went with which ancestor.. and so on.

Then they decided to play a game, which we called simply "Ancestor Game". They each chose an ancestor card and played it, with whoever had the furthest back ancestor winning both cards. The next day they begged me to make more cards!! I now have 48 cards made for them with many more to go. To add even more interest I also created cards that were not direct ancestors, but had some small claim to fame or something historical or interesting to a child. Thank goodness for my Family Tree Maker Genealogy Program which tells me if a person is a 3rd cousin 5x removed or something else!We decided I should also make double cards wherever possible, that is, two cards for one ancestor but with different photos or representative pictures on each one. Then they can play "Go Fish for Ancestors".

It was a genealogist's dream come true - for 5 days they asked for "more ancestor stories please Grandma!" and "Can you make us more Ancestor Cards?" When their mom called to see how they were doing, the first words out of my grandson's mouth were "Mom, you won't believe about one of our ancestors!" and he proceeded to quote from the Ancestor Cards.

I thought I'd like to share this in case you are looking for something to capture your little one's interest, because it was fabulous and my grandchildren loved it!

(Howard says - go to the above link and find out how to make Ancestor Cards for Children and more about the games they can play).

How the Early Census was Counted

The first commercial data processing machines were punched card tabulating systems. Herman Hollerith (1860-1929) worked at the US Census Bureau during 1879-82. While there he began designing machines that could reduce the labor and time that would be required to process the data that would be collected in the 1890 Census. In 1884, Hollerith applied for his first patent. He proposed to store information in the form of holes punched through a strip of paper. "Holes punched in a strip of paper were sensed by pins or pointers making contact through the holes to a drum. The completion of an electric circuit through a hole advanced a counter on a dial." (G. D. Austrian, Herman Hollerith: Forgotten Giant of Information Processing, 1982, p. 23)

Hollerith switched to punched cards in 1886 and obtained a second patent in 1887. Punched paper cards had previously been used to program silk looms and difference engines. (James Essinger, Jacquard's, 2004) The photograph below shows one of several models of c. 1800 punched card silk looms in the Musée des Tissus in Lyon, France. Also, punched paper rolls had been used in player pianos. The Hollerith Electric Tabulating System consisted of punching, reading, sorting, and tabulating machines.
Early Hollerith Tabulating Machines and Card Readers

The tabulator was a counting machine. It kept a running count of the number of cards with a hole punched in a particular position. It had 40 counters and hence could simultaneously count the number of cards with holes punched in up to 40 positions. An experienced operator could tabulate 50 to 80 cards a minute. There was no printer. The results of a tabulation had read on the counter dials and written down by hand.

Check this site out to see a lot more early office machines and how the census was taken. The 1940 census due to be released in 2012 will be the first one I will be on as a child! Howard.

Countdown to Monday, April 2, 2012

For many genealogists, the countdown to access the 1940 Census has already begun.
There are ???? days remaining until Monday, April 2, 2012. Click on the link above and find out exactly how many days remain.

The official date for the 1940 Census was April 1st, but since that day will fall on a Sunday in 2012, it is unclear whether reseachers will have weekend access to film at the National Archives or will instead need to wait until Monday to satisfy their genealogical curiosity. (No — this isn't an April Fools joke, you can check your calendar)
The following questions were those included on the Population Schedule for the 1940 Census.

The header of each Population Schedule reads "Department of Commerce — Bureau of the Census, Sixteenth Census of the United States: 1940" and includes fields for State, County, Incorporated place, Township or other division or county, Ward of city, Block Nos., Unincorporated place, Institution, Supervisor District Number (S.D. No.), Enumeration District Number (E.D. No.), date of ectual enumeration, name of enumerator, and sheet number.

1. LOCATION: Street, avenue, road, etc.
2. LOCATION: House number (in cities and towns)
3. HOUSEHOLD DATA: Number of household in order of visitation
4. HOUSEHOLD DATA: Home owned (O) or rented (R)
5. HOUSEHOLD DATA: Value of home, if owned, or monthly rental, if rented
6. HOUSEHOLD DATA: Does this household live on a farm? (Yes or No)
7. NAME: Name of each person whose usual place of residence on April 1, 1940, was in this household.
8. RELATION: Relationship of this person to the head of the household, as wife, daughter, father, mother-in-law, grandson, lodger, lodger's wife, servant, hired hand, etc.
9. PERSONAL DESCRIPTION: Sex — Male (M), Female (F)
10. PERSONAL DESCRIPTION: Color or race
11. PERSONAL DESCRIPTION: Age at last birthday
12. PERSONAL DESCRIPTION: Marital status — Single (S), Married (M), Widowed (Wd), Divorced (D)
13. EDUCATION: Attended school or college any time since March 1, 1940 (Yes or No)
14. EDUCATION: Highest grade of school completed
15. PLACE OF BIRTH: If born in the United States, give State, Territory, or possession. If foreign born, give country in which birthplace was situated on January 1, 1937. Distinguish Canada-French from Canada-English and Irish Free State (Eire) from Northern Ireland.
16. CITIZENSHIP: Citizenship of the foreign born
17. RESIDENCE APRIL 1, 1935: City, town, or village having 2,500 or more inhabitants. Enter "R" for all other places
18. RESIDENCE APRIL 1, 1935: County
19. RESIDENCE APRIL 1, 1935: State (or Territory or foreign country
20. RESIDENCE APRIL 1, 1935: On a farm? (Yes or No)
21. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Was this person AT WORK for pay or profit in private or nonemergency Govt. work during week of March 24-30? (Yes or No)
22. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: If not, was he at work on, or assigned to, public EMERGENCY WORK (WPA, NYA, CCC, etc.) during week of March 24-30? (Yes or No)
23. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Was this person SEEKING WORK? (Yes or No)
24. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: If not seeking work, did he HAVE A JOB, business, etc.? (Yes or No)
25. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Indicate whether engaged in home housework (H) in school (S), unable to work (U), or other (O)
26. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Number of hours worked during week of March 24-30, 1940
27. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Duration of unemploymen up to March 30, 1940 - in weeks
28. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Occupation: Trade, profession, or particular kind of work
29. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Industry: Industry of business
30. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Class of worker
31. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: Number of weeks worked in 1939 (Equivalent full-time weeks)
32. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: INCOME IN 1939: Amount of money wages or salary received (including commissions)
33. PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS: INCOME IN 1939: Did this person receive income of $50 or more from sources other than money wages or salary? (Yes or No)
34. Number of Farm Schedule

Census Records
Each 1940 Population Schedule has 40 numbered lines (numbered along both the left and right edges of the form). There is a list of SUPPLEMENTARY QUESTIONS, which would be asked of those individuals recorded usually on Lines 14 and 29 (although other lines were also designated for such use and was presumably to ensure a random sampling).
The Supplementary Questions were as follows:

35. NAME
36. PLACE OF BIRTH OF FATHER AND MOTHER: FATHER
37. PLACE OF BIRTH OF FATHER AND MOTHER: MOTHER
38. MOTHER TONGUE (OR NATIVE LANGUAGE): Language spoken in home in earliest childhood
39. VETERANS: Is this person a veteran of the United States military forces; or the wife, widow, or under-18-year-old child of a veteran? If so, enter "Yes"
40. VETERANS: If child, is veteran-father dead (Yes or No)
41. VETERANS: War or military service
42. SOCIAL SECURITY: Does this person have a Federal Social Security Number? (Yes or No)
43. SOCIAL SECURITY: Were deductions for Federal Old-Age Insurance or Railroad Retirement made from this person's wages or salary in 1939? (Yes or No)
44. SOCIAL SECURITY: If so, were deductions made from (1) all, (2) one-half or more, (3) part, but less than half, of wages or salary?
45. USUAL OCCUPATION
46. USUAL INDUSTRY
47. Usual class of worker
48. FOR ALL WOMEN WHO ARE OR HAVE BEEN MARRIED: Has this woman been married more than once? (Yes or No)
49. FOR ALL WOMEN WHO ARE OR HAVE BEEN MARRIED: Age at first marriage?
50. FOR ALL WOMEN WHO ARE OR HAVE BEEN MARRIED: Number of children ever born (Do not include stillbirths)

2009 BYU Conference on Computerized Family History & Genealogy

March 13-14, 2009

Canadian Records and Research Online
Southern European Research Online
What’s New on Ancestry.com?
Fun Family History Websites You May Have Missed
Know Your Ancestor’s Locality
Using a TiddlyWiki for Organizing Genealogical Research
Keynote Presentation - Susan Easton Black
O Canada! Canadian Research and Resources on the Web
Genealogy & Family History – The Perfect Social Media
The Life of a Digital Record
Electronic Resources for Solving United States Problems
Too Many with the Same Name
Genealogy Hacks: Tricks to Crack Seven Top Genealogy Web Sites
Online Family Trees: Billions of Names at Your Fingertips
The National Archives Web Site: A Guide for Genealogists
Read All About It – A Guide to Newspapers Online
Can You Hear Me Now? – Voice Recognition Software and Genealogy
Beyond Ancestry – Overlooked and Underused Subscription Sites
My Ancestor on eBay®?
Loretta Internet Sources for the Midwestern States
Digital Photography for the Genealogist REPEAT
Digital Photography for the Genealogist
Keeping Your PAF Data in Sync with new.FamilySearch.org
Database Mining: Exciting New Techniques for Disc. Your Family History
Forensic Genealogy –CSI Meets Roots
You Will Never Look at Your Old Photos the Same Way Again!
Family History Archive: Strategic Overview
Using Your Digital Camera to Copy Records
Comparing online alternatives for census searches for England and Wales
Exploring the English National Archives online
Smart Matching Technology
Family Tree Builder 3.0
Comparing Genealogy Database Programs: Certified Affiliates of FamilySearch
Generation Maps
Data Recovery from Corrupted/Damaged Floppy Disks and Thumb Drives
No Experience Needed: Beginner’s Guide to FREE Family History Websites
German/Internet: Town Genealogies and Parish Indexes
Internet Sources for Locating Your 19th Century German Emigrant
England Jurisdictions Project
Tracing Your English Ancestors on the Web
Celtic Fringe: Internet Resources for Ireland, Scotland, and Wales
Beyond Database Software
Making Sense of the Census
Demystifying Microsoft® Excel
Humor, Drama, Suspense: Capture it all with Microsoft® PowerPoint
Putting it all Together with MSWord2007
Using Google Books for Genealogy Research
Google News Archives and Google Alerts
Google Images, Video and Other Tools for Genealogists
Introduction to Google for Genealogists
The Future is Change: New and Emerging Products and Technologies
What’s New in Family History Technology
Tips for using the Internet more effectively
Family Websites: What They Are and How You Can Use Them
Electronic Publishing: for electronic and paper venues
Blogs, Wikis, & Social Networking: What they are and Why they’re for Genealogists
How to find and how to use vital records online
Online Tools to Create, Improve and Publish Your Family History
Research Logs 2.0 Go digital with research logs using MS OneNote
You Need a Search Strategy (limitations & keys to databases)
Digitized German Records: On-line and on disc
Genealogy Jeopardy: Technology Edition
Cemetery Research Online: Pitfalls and Promises
50 Most Popular Genealogy Websites
Genealogy Data Online: A Report Card
Naturalization Records Online
Library and Society Collections Online!
Using DNA to Solve Genealogical Mysteries: A Case Study
Family History Library Desktop – A Gold Mine of Data
Film Your Family History!
Accessing Books via the Internet
Disasters Happen! – Data Protection & Recovery
How Genealogy Software Programs Handle Source Citations
Citations Made Easy
Technology and Land & Property Records
Creating Your Own Digital Archive
Freeware and Shareware for Family History
A Comprehensive Guide to Online Military Records
Harnessing the Power of DNA: DNA Methodologies
FamilyInsight: Making the FamilySearch Transition Easy
4 Simple Steps – Your life story in book form